Certificates and certifications … the names for these credentials sound confusingly similar. But there are important differences. Here’s what you need to know about these resume-enhancing options — and how they might advance your career.
What is a Certificate?
Earning a certificate is about education.
Certificates are academic credentials awarded by colleges, universities or other educational institutions. Students in certificate programs learn new knowledge in a specific subject or discipline and earn a certificate by successfully completing the coursework.
“An ideal student for a certificate program is someone who is willing to go through the experience of growing their own skillset, being real about what they want to learn, and working with others,” says Jennifer Diamond, an instructor for the UW Certificate in Project Management.
Many certificate programs have few, if any, admission requirements, making them an excellent option if you want to move forward in your career. The programs are usually noncredit and take less time to complete than a degree. Certificates are commonly listed on resumes as education, and some meet education requirements for first-time or renewed certifications.
"A certificate can give you a running start in job searches and help you advance in your career,” says Julie Bianchi, an instructor for the UW Certificate in Fundraising Management. “It gives you that edge on a resume.”
What is a Certification?
When you have the professional knowledge you need, a certification allows you to prove it.
Certifications indicate mastery of skills or standards. Professional certifications are granted by industry groups or career-related organizations. These groups assess your qualifications, usually through an exam or application process. Many certifications include the privilege to use a related designation following your professional title. (A certification differs from a license, which permits you to work in a certain profession and is usually issued by government or regulatory agencies.)
“A certificate program [like the Certificate in Fundraising Management] is the front door — it introduces you to the concepts and the different areas and specialties. Certification is equivalent to the final test that says you understand these areas.”
Bianchi, who is a Certified Fund Raising Executive (CFRE), describes certification as a “stamp of approval” that you know core competencies in your field.
“A certificate program [like the Certificate in Fundraising Management] is the front door — it introduces you to the concepts and the different areas and specialties,” Bianchi says. “Certification is equivalent to the final test that says you understand these areas.”
How Can Certificates and Certifications Benefit My Career?
While earning an academic certificate isn’t the same as being professionally certified, these paths can be complementary.
Certifications can serve as a kind of “secret handshake” among colleagues, a shorthand to share what methods or techniques you know, says Diamond, who holds several certifications, including Project Management Professional (PMP), Risk Management Professional (RMP) and New Product Development Professional (NPDP). Recruiters look for professional certifications when finding job candidates, she says, and professional designations can be a factor in algorithms behind job-search engines.
Earning both a certificate and a certification sends a powerful message to employers, colleagues and clients, Bianchi says.
“I see more and more job descriptions that are saying ‘CFRE preferred’,” Bianchi says. “If you’ve put in the time to go through a certificate program and earn your certification as a CFRE, it definitely signals that you’re in it for the long haul.”
Some organizations specify an amount of education needed for certification. In some cases, certificates can help meet these requirements.
For example, instructor Shelby Petro, who is certified as a Professional Wetland Scientist (PWS), says the UW Certificate in Wetland Science & Management counts as university-level credit hours toward the PWS designation, which also requires five years of related work. When local employers are looking to hire early-career scientists still working toward certification, they often seek UW certificate grads, Petro says.
“They put the certificate program as a preference because then they know that the students have been through the rigorous program,” Petro says.
Prepare for Certification with UW Certificates and Courses
Currently, UW Professional & Continuing Education offers more than 15 certificate programs and courses that can help you prepare for professional certification or licensing.
For example, Diamond says the UW Certificate in Project Management gives students actionable, real-world experience, as well as the understanding they need to study for one common certification exam, the Project Management Professional (PMP).
“When they finish our program, not only will they have practiced project management and understood it in a couple of different ways,” Diamond says, “But they will also be well ahead of anyone else in getting ready to take that exam.”
Programs and Related Certifications and Licenses